Cadres & Entities

Including Cadences, Numbers & Casting

Cadre & Entities

A cadre is a group of about seven thousand souls. It is divided into seven entities of about a thousand souls each. Each person is a member of an entity and its cadre. A cadre contains essences of all seven roles, but within an individual entity, two to four roles are usually represented. Other members of our entity could be likened to our brothers and sisters, while members of other entities of our cadre could be compared to our first cousins, or our peers in the local community.

Here are some quick definitions:

Fragment: Individual essence, or soul. The term conveys that each of us is a fragment of the whole, and particularly, a fragment of our entity, with which we will recombine when we have completed all our lifetimes on the physical plane.

Essence: Soul, or "higher" self, in distinction to the outer personality, or "lower" self. It generally refers to all nonphysical levels of self, including the astral and causal selves, as well as those that resonate with the three highest planes, although it can be used to refer only to the latter. Read more about essence.

Roles: One of the seven types of essences: server, priest, artisan, sage, warrior, king, and scholar. Everyone has a particular role. It defines the individual's way of being or fundamental style, not his worldly position.

Entity: Usually refers to a "spiritual family" of about one thousand souls. Michael is the name of one entity.

Cadence: A permanent grouping of seven essences. A primary cadence consists of seven essences of the same role; it is the smallest "building block" of the entity. An essence's numerical position within his cadence, and his cadence's position within his greater cadence, significantly influence how he directs his energies.

Greater Cadence: A unit of seven primary cadences.

Casting: The Tao's expression into the dimensional universe, as in "fragments cast from the Tao," and the order of it, as in "first-cast warrior in the entity." A person's casting is his position within his entity (see "Entity"), or commonly, just his primary cadence position (see "Cadence").

Cadre: A unit consisting of seven entities (roughly 7000 souls each). (See also "Entity.")

Cadre Group: (sometimes called Energy Ring) Twelve cadres make up what Michael calls a cadre group.

Greater Cadre Group: Seven cadre groups make up a greater cadre group.

Shepherd Hoodwin

Cadres, Entities, and Casting (A Quick Overview)

Understanding the structure of the soul groups and extended spiritual families may seem daunting when first encountered, so the following analogy is offered to help explain the numbers using more conventional imagery.

Think of the TAO (or All That Is) as a major airline company. Let's call it TAO Airways.

In this scenario, the tickets are paid for, compliments of the Tao. The destination of the airline -- LIFE.

Now TAO Airways is an enormously successful company and they house their fleet of planes in airport hangars across the world. To illustrate this in Michael terms, twelve hangars operating together are called a CADRE GROUP.

Taking this further, think of an individual hangar as a CADRE. There are twelve cadres in a group. Within the cadre (or hangar) there are seven airplanes -- and each plane is an ENTITY.

TAO Airways flies jumbo jetliners (or ENTITIES) that can hold a thousand passengers (more or less). Each passenger is known as an ESSENCE (or soul).

Inside the plane (or ENTITY) there are three sections of seats. In each row there are seven seats and a row is called a CADENCE. A cadence is a grouping of seven identical roles (or passengers). If you grouped these rows into a segment of 49 seats that would be called a GREATER CADENCE (a block of seven cadences).

Like most airlines, there is assigned seating. Each passenger (or ESSENCE) is boarded in groups that correspond to their ROLE (or the individual soul type). In other words, servers, artisans, etc, will sit on the plane together in groups.

All of the seven roles do not necessarily board the plane (or ENTITY) -- some planes may only hold a couple role groups (such as warriors and kings) -- but the seats in each row of seven (a CADENCE) are like stand-ins for the roles, starting with server (seat one), artisan (seat two), warrior (seat three), scholar (seat four), sage (seat five), priest (seat six), and king (seat seven). This is called the CADENCE (or casting) position. For example, if a passenger sits in the 5th seat, that is the sage position and the passenger would be sage cast; a passenger in the 2nd seat would be artisan cast, and so on.

The individual seat number of a passenger (or essence) known as the CADENCE POSITION provides the exact location of a passenger in the plane (or ENTITY). Where a passenger sits -- in the three sections (or sides) of the plane -- determines if the passenger (or ESSENCE) is in the truth, love, or beauty side of the ENTITY.

Occasionally a plane (ENTITY) may be boarded by those who weren't assigned a seat. Those souls are called WILD CARDS -- or stowaways, in airline terms. Although, this last item is only relevant to a type of casting that uses raw numbers.

Energetic Vibrations

Since the astral is most likely a 4th-dimensional space and a row (or cadence) as we know it may not even exist in ways that could be described from a physical plane perspective, understand that these structures are not meant to mimic the actual reality of an entity on the astral plane. They're just illustrations for the sake of convenience. 

Another way to describe the energetic vibrations of an entity is an illustration that paints vibrations as multi-colored marbles in a glass jar.

At first, the individually colored marbles are perfectly ordered in the jar to line up according to cadences, etc. Then someone violently shakes the jar and mixes up the order so that it appears random. But all marbles from a specific cadence are of a similar color (or vibration) which connects them as a whole. Adjacent cadences, for example, would also be of similar color but show a slightly different hue, which helps define them.

Now turn the jar upside down and all the marbles would spill out into the world, rolling in every possible direction. But the marbles could eventually be recollected and reassembled in the proper order, by means of their colors (or vibrations).

The significance of this analogy is to point out that the various descriptions of entities are three-dimensional models. They're purely theoretical. The fragments designated to the sides of an entity, for instance, are likely scattered all over the place, but they're oriented vibrationally. That's what groups them together, not their actual location. 

Take the Tao. It permeates everything. We're all made of Tao-stuff. Just like our physical bodies are all made of star-stuff. All the atoms contained within are from a distant star that once exploded somewhere in the Universe. But this whole containment thing is just a physical plane construct. We don't know anything else. In this world, matter must be held together to seem real. We can't wrap our brains around anything different. But the spirit world doesn't work the same way. 

The Michael Entity offered the following:

Like the marble analogy devised by our channel, an entity is not a singular organism that must be held together in perfect formation to be complete or connected as one. The reunification of an entity grants greater ubiquity and access to collective experience and knowledge, but this should not imply that the components of the whole are mere carbon copies, or that they are incapable of roaming to other realms individually. We are connected vibrationally and share the same iCloud, so to speak, if you allow us to borrow from your current technology. But this doesn't mean we are of a singular point of view without derivation. There is still separate input from those in the collective. Otherwise, we wouldn't be characterized as 1050.

Two Popular Casting Systems

The idea of casting has gradually evolved over the years, from what began as simple terminology to describe the numbers and arrangements of various soul groups, to more complex designations that included a whole series of special jobs and responsibilities that members in soul families carry out, as well as the unique path of each soul.

In this section, you'll find a brief description of the two most popular casting systems. Through me, Michael chose to label them as essence casting and incarnational casting (also called raw number casting). With the exception of changes in terminology, the two systems may seem identical, but they are different in several fundamental ways.

Essence Casting

Sometimes called Yarbro casting, since the information was first given in the Message From Michael books, this system describes how essence is cast from the Tao (or All That Is).

In this system, after your essence is cast you are amassed in a large group of around 84,000 souls called a cadre group (or energy ring). This sports stadium-sized congregation is broken into twelve smaller divisions of about 7000 souls each, called a cadre. A cadre contains seven soul families which consist, on average, of around a 1000 members a piece, and these groups are called an entity.

Entities are divided into three sections energetically aligned with a theme of either TRUTH, LOVE, or BEAUTY (sometimes called energy). Once souls are assigned one of the three universal energies, the members are placed into groups of 49 souls that resonate with one of those themes, and each group is called a greater cadence. Souls are then further divided into smaller pockets, a row of seven members called a cadence. There are seven cadences in a greater cadence.

At last, the position that a soul occupies in a cadence (and the entire entity) is called the cadence position (or casting).

In More Messages From Michael, the famous cookie dough metaphor is offered to add more clarity.

“Let us try to clarify some of this Casting for you. We will use a metaphor that is not to be taken literally, or even picturesquely. Let us say that a baker is making many flavors of cookies. He rolls the dough out into long tubes and cuts off those lengths he needs, flavors those tubes appropriately, then slices them into the individual cookies. Each cookie is still part of the tube of dough, although it is now artificially segmented, and has a particular flavor. Entities are like three or four tubes of dough being cut and baked at the same time, and the Cadres are like the other sorts of cookies and combinations of cookies on other shelves in the oven. This is not a literal description, but it gives something of the sense of Entities and the matter of order in Casting which results in Cadences.”

Why is this even important?

Because the numbers assigned to each of these groups bear universal themes or energies related to the cosmic numbers in the Universe, and they play an influential role in your life. In other words, those seemingly random numbers given in Michael charts have MEANING.

The cadres, for example, numbering from one through twelve, are thematically linked with the positions in the support circle. The themes for each cadre are assigned as follows:

Cadre one (Love), Cadre Two (Knowledge), Cadre three (Compassion), Cadre four (Mentor), Cadre five (Beauty), Cadre six (Child), Cadre seven (Humor), Cadre eight (Discipline), Cadre nine (Anchor), Cadre ten (Healer), Cadre eleven (Enlightenment), Cadre twelve (Muse).

Entities also have themes based on their numerical position in a cadre. This list includes their positive and negative poles.

● Entity ONE: +Purpose and -Simplicity.
● Entity TWO: +Stability and -Balance.
● Entity THREE: +Enterprise and -Versatility.
● Entity FOUR: +Consolidation and -Achievement.
● Entity FIVE: +Expansion and -Adventure.
● Entity SIX: +Harmony and -Connection.
● Entity SEVEN: +Inculcation and -Eclecticism.

These themes can also be applied to the cadence number and cadence position.

To give an example, perhaps a Michael student is part of a seventh cadence (Inculcation) and sits in the fifth position of that cadence (Expansion). Using the chart above, it could be said that the student may show a natural proclivity to be an expansive teacher.

Incarnational Casting (or Raw Number Casting)

Introduced by JP van Hulle, this system does not involve the process of being cast from the Tao, but describes a special incarnational casting used to assign a global job, a community responsibility, and the unique path of the soul. This system is only relevant during the reincarnational cycle on the physical plane. The information given, however, is valuable and another tool in the arsenal of those driven to learn about the human condition.

The structure of the system is derived using a model of a standard entity, but with different terminology. A cadre group, for instance, is called an entity ring. The terms cadre and entity are the same, but greater cadence and cadence have been changed to block and row. More importantly, the cadence (or casting position) has been changed to the term, raw number.

In this system, the raw number is key to unlocking the global jobs and community responsibility. Varda Hasselmann's Seven Paths of the Soul can also be derived from using the raw number.

Considerably more could be said about this model, but that would be too extensive to include in a brief article.

To learn more, read about the Global Jobs and Community Responsibilities. If you already know your raw number, start with the casting chart grid.

IMPORTANT: To identify your Global Job and Community Responsibility, use the chart casting grid (linked above) to locate the global job and community responsibility connected with your raw number. Organized into a series of blocks, rows, and columns, the items in the grid are all associated with one of the seven role energies: server, artisan, warrior, scholar, sage, priest, and king. The block and row determine the global job; the column determines the community responsibility and side of entity. For example, if your raw number is 149, you would open the grid and search for that number in the center boxes on the chart.

Once you find your raw number, notice that it correlates with either truth, love, or energy, and its position also reveals your row in the block. In this case, if you scan to the left in your row after you’ve found your raw number, you’ll see that the global job for that row is ARCHIVES. If you look in the column where your raw number of 149 is located (which also includes the numbers 492 and 835, the sides of the entity), you’ll see that the community responsibility is COMFORT. Do not assume your raw number is the same number as the global job numbers outlined on the global jobs description page. That is incorrect. Use the chart casting grid to find your corresponding global job and community responsibility, and then go back to the PDF to read the descriptions.

David Gregg

Shepherd Hoodwin weighed in further about the two types of casting at the MT discussion list, and that material is included here for your edification.

More on the Casting Systems

There are two totally different kinds of casting for entities on the physical plane: “Essence Casting” and “Incarnational Casting.”


The initial casting from the Tao, as outlined in More Messages from Michael by Quinn Yarbro in the “Michael Math” chapter, mostly groups souls by roles: a group of, say, sages first, then servers, etc. Michael gave the analogy of a baker rolling out dough for different kinds of cookies, one role first, then another.

In more complex entities, there can be more than one cluster of greater cadences (seven cadences, or forty-nine souls) of each role, so there could be, for example, two or more sages with 1/1/1 casting, because the third number refers to your greater cadence’s position within your string of greater cadences, not within, say, all the sages in your entity.

In the raw number system, the groupings can have mixed roles, which is one giveaway that they are different systems.

Essence casting is the kind of casting on my chart, and on Dave’s as well. It tells you how you tend to direct your essence energies. It gives you flavors of other roles, but not their energies (as ET bleedthrough does). It is more “baked into” your essence than “raw number” casting, which is mainly about what you do on the physical plane. Neither are more important than your essence role, which is your basic nature, but sometimes your casting (and/or ET bleedthrough) jumps out at others first, perhaps because it has a stronger flavor.

For example, I am a sage with 5/4/3 initial casting, so I am a sage-cast sage. Sage is my “primary casting” since 5 is the first number, and sages are the 5 role. I am a stereotypical sage, and therefore I tend to strongly direct my sage energies into the sage domain (communication, performance, writing, teaching, singing, etc.—fifth chakra activities).








My secondary casting is 4, or scholar. I secondarily direct my sage energies into the scholar domain, which accounts for my collecting information as well as disseminating it. The 5 number applies only to me in my cadence, so it is the most concentrated or important for me. The 4 applies to everyone in my cadence of sages (seven of us), so it is more general. You could say that it makes a larger circle around me, diluted but evident from a little further away. Therefore, Sarah Chambers channeled that the number in this position stands out to friends and family.

The third number, 3, is the weakest influence on me personally, since it applies to everyone in my greater cadence, which is forty-nine sages, making a still-larger circle of influence. For me, it adds a bit of the warrior’s enterprising nature. I include it on my charts to see whether it reinforces any other essence influences; in my case, it doesn’t.

Our entity’s number within our cadre is also part of our casting. Since it applies to all thousand or so entity members, it is much more diffuse, creating a much bigger circle around us. Therefore, according to Sarah, strangers (those farther away) will notice the casting of our entity’s position. In my case, that is a general artisan quality, since I’m in the number 2 entity of my cadre. All number 2-position entities have a generalized artisan quality. It just so happens that my entity has a lot of sages, so people will also notice a light, general sage flavor in entity members who aren’t sages. Therefore, my entity has a strong expression-axis quality, since artisan and sage are the two expression-axis roles, which shows up even in members of other roles.

Cadre numbers through me have no casting implications, since they are not one out of seven or twelve, but one out of infinity, a unique number for each cadre so that people can know whether they are in the same entity as someone else. Michael through me refers to my cadre as 3, but it is first in its “cadre group” (or “energy ring”) and therefore is in the “love” position out of twelve. According to JP, the twelve “support circle” positions are: love, knowledge, compassion, mentor, beauty, child, humor, discipline, anchor, healer, enlightenment, and muse.


After being initially cast and having a devic stage on the physical plane, as José Stevens outlines in Tao to Earth, most if not all entity members who are initially cast commit to a grand cycle on the planet (in this case, Earth, in the human form). They gather on the lower astral plane to plan their time on the physical plane. The deck is reshuffled, so to speak, as each soul volunteers for specific jobs and responsibilities. It is the same entity but its members take different positions that are not about the soul’s inner qualities (as in initial casting) so much as about what it does on the physical plane. This is the “raw number” system of casting pioneered by JP Van Hulle. Independently, Varda Hasselmann also started getting information about raw numbers.

It’s like forming a search party, and each member volunteers to search for experiences in different places in different ways to bring back to the entity. Then the entity’s first incarnation begins, usually by the soul with the raw number 1 (1/1/1 casting), since 1 casting tends to lead the way or go first, being the most cardinal position. JP has a raw number of 1. Her entity also happens to be first in its cadre and cadre group (twelve cadres), so she is in a very cardinal position, although her warrior role is ordinal.

The Michael Math chapter explains that with casting numbers, cardinality and ordinality are reversed: server is the most ordinal role, but 1 casting, which resonates with server and all the ordinal inspiration overleaves, is most cardinal since it comes first. That allows souls to experience each role’s qualities in a cardinal as well as an ordinal way, other than 4/scholar, which stays neutral since it’s in the middle.

(There will be a third kind of casting once the entity cycles off and starts to reunite on the upper astral plane, to plan their experiences moving forward.)

There’s a lot of confusion because the two different physical plane casting systems have been conflated. You cannot figure out your raw number or Way from the information on my chart, or Dave’s. THEY ARE TWO DIFFERENT KINDS OF CASTING. Also, there are no “wild cards” in essence casting; they only exist in incarnational casting.

I asked Michael whether they wanted me to add raw numbers to my charts, and they said no, in part because my students are already confused enough by one casting system, but I am willing to see what I get in written channeling or individual sessions. I do find that raw numbers can add useful information.

Varda’s “Ways” are your position within your cadence in the raw number system. For example, according to JP, my raw number is 41, so I am in the sixth (priest) position of my row (cadence), characterized in this case by a “community responsibility” of “trust and faith.” Die Quelle through Varda calls that sixth position the Way of Silence. The row itself is also sixth in its block (greater cadence), characterized by “salvation,” which is my “global job.” The block is first in my entity, the “server bonding block,” and is therefore on the truth side (the first 343 souls of an entity, 7 x 7 x 7, are on the “truth side”). So my casting in this system is 6/6/1 (or if you start with the block/greater cadence first, 1/6/6.)  I have no inspiration-axis qualities on my chart, so this explains where those influences come from (priest and server are the two inspiration-axis roles).

Side of entity is not the same as “orientation” on my charts. I have a truth/love orientation, which means that from my initial casting, I am always working to integrate truth and love. Orientations are distributed randomly through entities. The truth/love combination is what I chose. An entity doesn’t necessarily have equal numbers of each orientation (which is usually just love, truth, or beauty/pure energy, not a combination).

Shepherd Hoodwin


Channeling About the Two Casting Systems

In the interest of understanding the two systems better, I channeled the following from the Michael Entity in hopes of further clarification.

-- Dave Gregg

Q: Discuss the two casting systems mentioned on the MT list, and explain how they differ. 

A: The two casting systems (what you call Yarbro casting and JP's casting) are primarily conveyed in a figurative sense, and not meant to be an exact representation of the actual structure that exists in dimensions outside your own. The outline of the entity, as presented by various channels, is a rough example at best, and certainly not a faithful reproduction. An accurate description of an entity would be impossible within the context of your three-dimensional world, which does not contain the geometric configurations or infinite variety of spacial possibilities available in a multi-dimensional universe. 
Your scientific theories concerning quantum entanglement are perhaps a more apt description (although not a precise one) of how fragments in an entity are interrelated, seemingly across vast distances — at least, according to physical plane measurements. While the depiction of an entity is accurate in an energetic sense, the souls are not squeezed together into perfectly symmetrical rows that have a visible form. These depictions of form and structure help students understand the framework of an entity, but souls do not need to assemble like atoms in a molecule to hold their shape, nor is a shape required. That is strictly a physical plane morphology. In reality, and reality can differ dependent on the dimensional perception, fragments in an entity mainly coalesce through vibrational resonance as opposed to a structure that requires being held together as a single mass. The current model, however, as we have shared with channels, is sufficient. 
In regards to the two casting systems, one could be called essence casting, and the other, incarnational casting

In your current understanding, partly found in the work of Yarbro, essence casting is where the Tao divides and sub-divides aspects of itself into the universe, similar to the way a human cell divides into another cell through the process of mitosis. Essence casting carries elements of spiritual DNA that allow for the continuous regeneration of soul stuff, evolving and gathering experiences beyond the capabilities the Tao could know if it had not once chosen to branch out in multiple directions, like leaves on a tree. 
Incarnational casting, introduced by JP Van Hulle, is a system that overlays the structure of an entity to align with specific goals, tasks, and responsibilities that enhance the spiritual development of the soul group. In some ways, this could be thought of as the overleaves of an entity. Used more like a schematic, the souls in an entity collectively agree to accept these specific jobs and responsibilities before incarnating into the physical plane. These task energies are superimposed, if you will, onto the framework of an existing entity, resulting in what appears to be a reorganization of the structure. But that is a matter of semantics or interpretation.  Someone essence-cast as a priest, for instance, in the essence casting model, will be priest cast throughout their entire progression from the physical plane back to the Tao. Their incarnational casting does not alter that. It simply imbues them with additional attributes (their global jobs, for instance) relative to their experiences and pursuits over a series of lifetimes. In short, essence casting reflects your core being, whereas incarnational casting reflects the work you do as a soul when involved in an incarnational cycle. 
To illustrate, think of an entity created from essence casting as an apartment complex or a neighborhood full of houses. When at home, souls typically represent their true selves (or core being), as cited by the positional influences in their entity (greater cadence, cadence, etc.). When these souls go to work, however, they leave their homes (or begin a new incarnation), enter an office building, and go to a specific floor of that workplace to sit at cubicles aligned with the jobs they are doing. This is just one figurative example of raw number casting among many. The system should not be confused as being a separate entity of its own, but instead, as an energetic overlay that represents the various jobs and responsibilities the members of an existing entity use to advance the cause of their individual soul needs and their entities' objectives. 
Q: But what about the raw number? Isn't that the position you occupy in your entity? How does that correlate with traditional casting, as outlined in the Yarbro books?
A: The raw number could be thought of as the location of your cubicle at work. It correlates with the global job you endeavor toward over an entire series of incarnations. Because the concept of a fixed point doesn't hold the same validity in a multi-dimensional experience, your actual position in an entity based on the essence casting model is more malleable and not easily measured. It's the unique vibrations of individual souls that generate the shared groupings in an entity, not their physical location. Yes, these fragments were cast into positions that set the vibrations in motion, but the positions are not fixed by locality. Their groupings are vibrational. A channel can ascertain the correct numbers aligned with these groupings, such as the cadence or casting, but a raw number would not work in this system.

The raw number is exclusive to the rigid structure of incarnational casting, which requires a pre-established template and a certain predictability in its configuration due to the more active engagement with the physical plane. 


The Different Cadre Number Systems

Most Michael channels use what is commonly referred to as the traditional cadre numbering system (sometmes called the classic system). I use traditional numbering on my own charts, Shepherd Hoodwin, however, uses his own numbering. Neither system is better than the other.

Since in Cadre Group Two, cadres 4 and 7 are thought to be cycled off, they're not included in the chart below. (Note: some channels disagree, and claim cadres 4 & 7 are still in the reincarnational cycle, but in small numbers). Either way, translating the two systems can get a little tricky.

To avoid unnecessary confusion, I have intentionally left out the two cadres left over from Cadre Group One. They are rarely encountered and I have no idea how other channels notate such occurrences. It really isn't standardized. Beyond cadre group two, the numbers continue. Check with your personal channel regarding how they are notated. There may be differences.

Included below is a chart to help decipher the cadre systems.


David Gregg



Cadres and Entities
Fascinating essay on understanding the structures of our spiritual families.

Energy Rings and All That Stuff
More information about the cadre structure
More On Cadres and Entities
Additional thoughts.
Casting Chart Grid
Use this chart to help you locate your raw number and determine its corresponding global job and community responsibility.
Detailed Descriptions of the Global Jobs and Community Responsibilities
150 pages of information about the global jobs and community responsibilities, as channeled by JP Van Hulle.
The Seven Paths of the Soul
A translation of material channeled by Varda Hasselmann, which looks at the unique path of the soul.
Channeling On Shepherd's Cadre Numbering
Q & A that helps clear up common misunderstandings.
Entity Definitions
Learn the names of each entity, along with some of their notable attributes and personalities.

Cadences, Numbers & Casting


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